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OTT or Over-The-Top platform is a media service used for streaming videos over the internet without the need of television cables. ‎


It also includes television services such as speciality TV channels but it is streamed via the internet not with traditional set top boxes. So it becomes necessary to get secure stream OTT.

It is also different from video on demand services and satellite transmission as there is no governing authority for OTT platforms. The user only needs to pay a cost for a subscription to the OTT platform.

These services are accessed via desktops or android devices including mobile phones and televisions with integrated smart platforms or smart TV’s.

Also the ISP does not have any control over the IP packets broadcasted by the OTT platforms.

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OTT Platform Architecture


OTT platform is a way of transmitting television signals over the internet, its architecture has three main components, they are transcoder, ird and encoder which are used for interconversion of signals.

IRD or integrated recorder/decoder accepts television signals from the satellite and converts the digital information transmitted, in OTT context it will generate multicast IP addresses for specific signal frequencies captured.

OTT architecture

Decoder will provide IP addresses for different television services after encoding the satellite signal by the encoder.

Also both the IP addresses (one from ird and other from decoder) will be inputted into a switch, the switch then sends the multicast ip addresses into a transcoder.

Transcoder will transcode the IP address input as per requirement of services and the digital devices and outputs an IP address to be broadcasted across the internet.

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Practices to Secure OTT Platform

Use server firewall for streaming server

To protect your content on the streaming server, use a server side firewall to prevent unauthorized access into the server as most of the attackers consider servers as the most obvious attack vector.

Use SSL certificates

For an added layer of security, provide SSL certificates for the platform for encrypted transmission of content.

Approve DRM for the OTT platform

To protect from pirated content, use a streaming platform that has a standard DRM or Digital Rights Management integrated for protecting your content to be shared on ott platform.

Use secure industry standard payment gateways for subscription

While monetizing the ott content, make sure to use standard payment gateways inbuilt into the platform integrated with bank-grade SSL/TLS encryption.

OTT Platform Vulnerabilities

Directory traversal vulnerability in Stefan OTT phpksec 0.2.0 which allowed attackers to access arbitrary files via full pathname.

Xss vulnerability in Stefan OTT phpksec 0.2 that allowed attackers to inject malicious scripts into the path parameter.

Methods to Security Test OTT Platform