Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems and Distributed Control Systems (DCS), which unfortunately have been subject to a growing number of attacks in recent years. As they deliver vital services to critical infrastructure, such as communications, manufacturing and energy among others, hostile intruders mounting attacks represent a serious threat to the day to day running of nation states.
Cyber criminals only require a few expenses beyond a computer and an Internet connection. They are unconstrained by geography and distance. They are difficult to identify and prosecute due to anonymous nature of the Internet.
Give attacks against information technology systems are very attractive, it is expected that the number and sophistication of cyber-attacks will keep growing.
The most high-profile example of a cyber-attack against critical infrastructure is the Stuxnet computer virus. The worm, which targeted PLCs, disrupted the Iranian nuclear program by damaging centrifuges used to separate nuclear material.
Regulation And Industry Compliance
Operational Network Isolation
Large-Scale Bottleneck of File Sanitization
Update and Apply Patches of All Software
Foster a culture of cybersecurity
Implement cyber hygiene best practices
Invest in both digital and physical security
Promote clear communication and clarify leadership
Audit devices, assets and other network components